5 Types Of Natural Disasters
All types of natural disasters have one thing in common – the ability to kill a number of people and cause massive destruction on everything on its path.
Out of the different types of natural disasters, hurricanes and tropical storms are the most powerful ones. This is because of their size, their destructive potential, and the fact that these two natural disasters can happen all year round. Tornadoes are also extremely powerful but they are mostly brief. There are also natural disasters that can cause massive destruction because of their unpredictability such as earthquakes and tsunamis.
Out of all the natural disasters, the flood is the most common of them all. Floods are one of the deadliest natural disasters before. But thanks to our modern technology, we now have effective ways of dealing with floods. Wildfires, on the other hand, becomes more prevalent during the dry season.
Here are the most common types of natural disasters in the world.
Earthquakes are the shaking of the surface caused by the shifting of the Earth’s plates. Depending on the energy release when the plates shift, earthquakes can vary on size. Most of the time they are so weak that a special instrument is needed just to detect them. But there are also instances where an earthquake can be so massive and powerful.
Most earthquakes often last for a couple of seconds or minutes followed by multiple aftershocks. But that short amount of time is enough to topple buildings and cause massive destruction especially if the earthquake is so strong. Earthquakes can happen anytime and anywhere but most of them are concentrated on a certain region of the Earth called the “Pacific Ring of Fire” This is where 90% of the world’s earthquakes happen every year.
Tsunamis are a series of gigantic waves usually triggered by an earthquake or an undersea volcanic eruption. The speed of the tsunami depends on the depth of the ocean it originates from rather than the distance it comes from. These waves can travel as fast as a jet plane on the ocean then gradually slows down upon reaching shallow waters.
Following an earthquake, a tsunami warning alert is usually issued by the authorities especially for people living near the coast. Once you hear the warning alert, evacuate immediately and move to higher ground.
Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons are massive types of tropical storm systems that usually forms over warm ocean waters. They start as a simple tropical depression but then continues to develop as it moves toward land. Most tropical storms don’t make landfall but when they do, they are sure to cause massive destruction and devastation on everything on its path. Tropical storms can also cause severe flooding and storm surges that can destroy several buildings and infrastructures.
Every time a volcano erupts, there is a big possibility for other forms of danger to occur. They may be magnificent to look at but they can also be one of the most destructive types of natural disasters in the world. When a volcano erupts, it spews out lava, ash clouds, and volcanic bombs. The lava flowing out of a volcano during an eruption is considered to be highly dangerous. It can cause a lot of damage and may claim lots of human lives.
Flood is perhaps the most underrated out of all the different types in natural disasters. It is for this reason why a lot of people has lost their lives because of floods. A flood can quickly submerge an area in deep water especially if there’s too much rainfall. Other floods can take days to build up and may possibly take longer to recede.
When floods surge in, they can sweep away houses, cars, bridges, furniture, and even people. They can even destroy trees and farms. Everything on flat or lowland areas are at risk to heavy floods especially if there’s too much rainfall.
The different types of natural disasters mentioned above are responsible for millions of lives over the course of history. This is why they shouldn’t be overlooked. Governments can only do as much in preventing these natural disasters. It is our job to prepare for them. So, in case one of them happens to affect your area, we are fully prepared for it and we’ll be able to ensure our survival.