The year 2018 is very alarming because of its unusual number of natural disasters. We have witnessed earthquakes that destroyed entire cities, wildfires that burned thousands of acres of land, and tropical storms that caused extensive flooding. As a result, a lot of people have grieved for the loss of their loved ones and their destroyed properties.
Whether they’re tropical storms, violent earthquakes, or wildfires, the effects of these natural disasters are so devastating. High death tolls and billions in property damage left everyone devastated. The effects of these natural disasters are not only affects human lives and properties. Their effects extend to the political, economic, and social aspect of the affected areas.
In this article, we’ll talk about the worst natural disasters of 2018 and the number of casualties and damage they brought.
2018 Sunda Strait Tsunami
On December 22, 2018, a tsunami caused by an undersea landslide struck the coastal towns along the Sunda Strait in Java and Sumatra, Indonesia. As a result, 426 people have died and more than 14,000 people were injured.
According to officials, the tsunami was triggered when a huge chunk of the Anak Krakatau volcano collapsed into the ocean after it erupted. Most of the victims of the tsunami were unaware of the killer waves when it hit them. The Indonesia government does have a warning system for tsunamis caused by earthquakes but they don’t have one caused by volcanic eruptions.
2018 California Wildfires
The California wildfires of 2018 are the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in the history of the state. Of the multiple wildfires during that time, three of them have managed to displace over half a million people. The fires have burn 1,893,913 acres of land and caused $3.5 billion in damages. This was also the deadliest wildfire season in the state of California. At least 80 people are dead because of the wildfires.
The exact cause of these wildfires is still unknown. But officials believe that they are likely caused by the changes in the atmospheric conditions due to global warming and the increase of natural fuel in the region.
The Hurricane Michael was the third most intense hurricane to make landfall on the contiguous US. It made landfall on the Florida Panhandle along the Gulf Coast with wind speeds of up to 155 mph.
Upon landfall, the hurricane immediately caused severe flooding and destruction along the coast. Warning alerts also reached the neighboring states of Alabama and Georgia. Hurricane Michael caused massive destruction in the Florida Panhandle. It destroyed buildings, homes, hospitals, power lines, and transportation. Over a million residents lose their electricity because of the hurricane.
2018 Sulawesi Earthquake & Tsunami
An estimated 2.4 million people are now homeless following the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami. A 7.5 magnitude struck an area 45 miles away from Palu, Indonesia. Most of the deaths, however, are caused by an ensuing tsunami that caught everyone by surprise.
The local authorities issued a tsunami warning alert for everyone living on the coasts of Sulawesi Strait after the earthquake. They said that a tsunami with waves of up to 3 meters high will hit the coastal areas after 20 minutes. But the tsunami that struck was higher than the reports and they came faster than they were expected to be.
As a result, 2,256 people died because of the tsunami and injuring over 10,000 people. Also, more than 1,000 people are still missing after the tsunami. Over 70,000 people are now homeless because of the two natural disasters.
There were also some natural disasters from that came close to end our world. This is why we are keeping track of the worst natural disasters that occurred last year. By doing so, we’ll be able to develop new ways on how to minimize the effects of these disasters. We’ll be able to successfully lessen the number of casualties and damages that the 2019 natural disasters will cause.