The number of natural disaster such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tsunamis, etc. that occurred the last couple of years is alarming. To make things worse, these natural disasters are likely to become more frequent due to climate change caused by global warming. These disastrous natural phenomena have caused a number of issues which extends to humanitarian, environmental, health, and infrastructural problems.
Because of the natural disasters caused by climate change, the global population is now composed mostly of immigrants. Millions of people are now refugees of natural disasters. These are people who became homeless because of a natural disaster like a flood, a tsunami, a tropical storm, or a drought.
In most cases, the areas where these people formerly lived has become uninhabitable. This is why most of them prefer to start in a new place than to rebuild their original homes.
It is even predicted by experts that there will be around 2 billion climate refugees before the end of the century because of natural disasters. That would 20% of the projected 11 billion population by 2100
Health issues are one of the major problems that governments have to worry about following a natural disaster. It’s quite easy for diseases to spread during and after a natural disaster. Since most water and sanitary facilities are usually destroyed following a natural disaster, it can be hard to dispose of human waste properly. This can lead to several public health hazards which can become worse by the decrease of food supply or starvation.
During and after natural disasters like floods and hurricanes, flood or standing water can become a breeding ground for mosquitoes and other pathogenic bacteria that carry diseases. Since most transportation lines and life-saving medical care are not available at this time, it can be hard to rescue people who are inflicted by acute and chronic diseases.
Aside from diseases, survivors can also suffer from PTSD and other mental health consequences after a natural disaster.
Natural disasters can also cause severe environmental problems which can lead to more devastating consequences. For instance, the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that struck the coast of Tōhoku, Japan in March 2011 caused the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. This is by far the worst nuclear disaster to have happened after the Chernobyl disaster of 1986. Huge amounts of radioactive material accidentally released from the nuclear reactors and into the Pacific Ocean. This nuclear disaster prompted a ton of environmental issues to the ecosystem of Japan and the surrounding waters.
Wildfires are also a type of natural disaster that can long-term negative effects on ecosystems. They are capable of destroying animal habitats and release huge amounts of pollution into the air.
One of the biggest and most immediate negative effects of natural disasters is the amount of damage it can cause different kinds of infrastructure. These disasters are capable of destroying billions of dollars in damages. There is also the fact that not all countries have the resources to fund the recovery and rebuilding process after a natural disaster.
Natural disasters can leave thousands of people homeless. Furthermore, most of these people don’t have any property insurance. As a result, it can be really hard for them to recover from a natural disaster. This is especially true, if they no longer have any assets and they don’t have any form of restitution.
The negative effects of natural disasters extend from loss of life and damages to infrastructure. Their negative consequences are long-term. Areas affected by disasters may be able to recover after a couple of years. But the scars of the event will still show up for years to come.