Natural disasters are natural calamities such as floods, earthquakes, tornadoes, Tsunami and Hurricane that causes great damage and loss of life. Some of the most deadly natural disasters have occurred over the past 30 years. The occurrence of these natural disasters has increased in the past 3 decades. This is mostly because of the increase in population, excessive mining, urbanization, cutting of trees, drilling for oil, excessive use of plastic, etc.
The Most Deadly Natural Disasters
- The Haitian earthquake in 2010
- Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004
- Hurricane Katrina in 2005
- Nargis Cyclone in 2008
Haitian Earthquake 2010
Reports recorded it as the worst earthquake ever witnessed. Researchers named it the Haitian. The quake measured 7.5 on the Richard scale with 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or even more. Reports recorded the death of almost 2,30,000 people. In addition, almost 3,00,000 people were injured. The destruction was so vast that about millions of homes and buildings were destroyed.
Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004
On December 26, 2004, an earthquake hit Sumatra Island in Indonesia. The magnitude of the earthquake was 9.0. It gave rise to a Tsunami that had not only effected Indonesia but places like Sri Lanka Thailand, India and also the Maldives. The waves of the sea reached about 30 to 40 feet high and engulfed the coastal region. About 230000 people were killed. In addition, 1million people were homeless.
Hurricane Katrina 2005
Agencies recorded Katrina as a category III most deadly and the most destructive tropical cyclones. It damaged Florida, Miami, and also Louisiana in August 2005. It hit the seashore of the United States. The storm itself caused great damage as the winds blew for about 140 to 170 kilometers per hour.
It struck Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and caused damage to more than a hundred billion dollars. Analysts record it to be the costliest cyclone recorded. Particularly the city of New Orleans recorded most loss of lives. The highest wind recorded was 280 kilometer per hour. For the United States, Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, and Eastern Canada, August 23rd to 29th the most horrifying days.
Cyclone Nargis 2008, Burma
The analysts have recorded Nargis as the biggest cyclone storm in the history of Myanmar during May 2008. Its highest speed recorded was around to 15 kilometers per hour and it also took approximately 1, 38600 lives. It also caused damage to approximately 12 billion dollars. Reports say it was the worst storm that hit Burma. Analyst reports record approximately 58000 people missing. In addition, three million people became homeless. Nargis affected areas like Bangladesh, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, China, and Thailand.
A natural process of the earth causes these disasters. It not only affects the mother earth but mankind also. People become homeless. Furthermore, people survive without food for days. Also, people are abandoned without water and electricity. One cannot survive natural calamities without proper arrangements. It is imperative for the government to inform its people of the expected natural calamity in time.